A child’s life a considerable change can be presented by divorce. In the child’s world, one of the most watershed events is parental divorce. Challenges toward new family situations are created due to the daily absence of one parent, adjustments to shuttling between two different homes, witnessing the breakup of their parent’s commitment of marriage and experiencing the loss of love between parents. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the rate of divorce had been increasing in accordance to the CDC National Survey of Family Growth. In the United States, the divorce rate are lowest among women and men between the age of thirty-nine and thirty-five years and are highest between twenty and twenty-four years.
Divorce is the end result of almost half of all marriages. In the previous thirty years, the proportion of 2 parent families has decreased to sixty-nine percent from eighty-five percent. In the United States, the feeling of worlds falling apart is experienced by many of the 1.5 million children whose parents are divorced. During this critical process, the children’s welfare is the major concern of divorcing parents. Unstable home life is created by a divorce in which the needs of the children are not considered anymore.
A divorce has many common emotional and psychological effects on children. It was found that in comparison to 10% of the children whose parents remained together, serious psychological, emotional and social issues are experienced by twenty-per cent of the adults whose parents have divorced. The psychological reactions of children towards the divorce of their parents depend upon three main factors, i.e., the ability of the parents to focus on the children’s needs in their divorce, the duration and the intensity of the parental conflict and the quality of parent-child relationship before the divorce.
Multiple stressors are faced by children or a child when their parents decide to separate or divorce. Most children fear the happening of a divorce as they are aware that things are going to be quite different after the divorce of their parents. Changes in social environment of children, as well as family structure, are usually accompanied by divorce. A host of fears, involving, not belonging, loneliness, rejection, lack of safety and feeling of insecurity is resulted substantially by these changes. Depending on their developmental stage and age, in a variety of situations the fear of divorce can be experienced by children.