People frequently mix up the terms global warming and climate change, and it doesn’t help that media outlets frequently mistake the two in their reporting on TV, newspapers, and social media. This is understandable given how closely the two notions overlap. There is, in fact, a causal link between the two. Global warming and climate change, on the other hand, have some minor and not-so-subtle variations.
Scientists use the term “global warming” to describe a long-term rise in the Earth’s average air temperature. It can particularly relate to heat caused by growing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere.
The energy linked with the Sun’s rays, which impact the planet’s surface throughout the day, provides the majority of the heat to the planet’s surface. The majority of this energy is reflected back into space at night. Greenhouse gases absorb and radiate infrared light emitted from the Earth’s surface, adding to the greenhouse effect.
Though the recent increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is undoubtedly the primary cause of global warming, other variables are also at play. Nonetheless, when greenhouse gas concentrations grow, Earth’s average temperature rises as the atmosphere holds on to more heat that would otherwise escape into space at night.
Climate change, on the other hand, is a little different. Before we go at what climate change is, it’s a good idea to consider the climate in terms of weather.
Weather, which is sometimes mistaken with climate, is a collection of atmospheric conditions in one area over a certain length of time, such as during the day, at night, or at any given moment throughout the day.
Climate, on the other hand, is the average state of the atmosphere at a certain area over time, such as 30 years or more. As a result, climate change refers to a long-term shift in the average state of the atmosphere.