Is it possible for food to get extinct?
During 2015, scientists had warned that out of six animal species one of them could go extinct due to the rapid increase in climate change. However, the question remains that will the crops and other food items go extinct as well.
It is very clear to us that ever since the increase in global warming farmers are finding it hard to grow crops. BBC Future has explored one scientist’s determination to help crops grow during the increasing occasions of droughts. With the help of the genes from “resurrection plants”, Jill Farrant of the University of Cape Town is researching whether she can produce crops and design them in such a manner that they can survive for a longer period without consuming water.
What if we do not find a way to protect other foods, will they survive?
There are headlines about foods going instant, but there is no evidence as yet that the major food types such as beans, chocolate, wine, corn or wheat will go extinct in anytime soon. According to Andrew Jarvis who is a flagship leader on the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, a crop itself cannot go extinct it will probably grow somewhere in the world. On the other hand, it does not mean that crops cannot go extinct; we have to think of an alternative place to grow certain types of crops, as due to climate change the some regions are getting too hot. The negative aspect of this idea is that the local farmers will have to suffer from such a drastic change, and individuals will find it hard to access the same type of food they used to.
According to Margaret Walsh, an ecologist at the US Department of Agriculture’s Climate Change Program Office, “Even if overall food production may be unaffected, food security can still be impacted.”
It means that even if a certain type of food is grown at a certain part of the world, it does not mean that everyone will be able to avail it. Yields of many foods, from staples to life-enhancing extras for instance coffee and chocolate, will be affected by global changes as well.
Wolfram Schlenker, an associate professor of international and public affairs at Columbia University says that, “anything over about 30C is very bad for crops,” He further states that in the United States one of the world’s largest producer of corn and soybeans farms may have to move north to a certain degree. Furthermore, yields will suffer because the north soil of low declines in quality.
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