Freedom of speech – Mediums/Methods

In the olden days people were forced to believe that the idea of the elite was the ultimate perspective, and that there is nothing they can do to rebel or comment on their ideas. As time passed by freedom of speech became a crucial element which had to be undertaken. Once the people started to adapt the idea that they could not suffer and be enforced with ideas they cannot believe, wars and riots emerged, bring both positive and negative aspects in each individual’s life. Nations were made, sects were divided, and the world became a bigger and divided place with numerous revolution stories that changed life for both better and worst. Below are the ways to share your opinions in the 20th century:

  1. Democratic Countries: Democratic countries are where people are able to choose their political parties by means of voting. People have the right to vote for the political parties they like by understanding the policies and plans of different political parties before making a firm decision. They have the right to see what the government has been doing, and see official documents. Countries like The United States have made “freedom of information” a part of their law. However, not every democratic government wish to show the people what they have been doing apart from what is visible, nor do they prefer to show the official documents.
  2. Opinion polls: Opinion polls are performed in order to find out what people believe or feel about a particular issue or idea. These polls are often held before an election, it is like a market survey. However, instead of business tycoons we have determined political parties aiming for success in the upcoming election by making their plans and policies according to what the majority of the people believe in.
  3. Referendum: In a referendum people vote to decide on an issue. There are times when the government does not accept the law without viewing what most of the citizens believe in. A recent referendum was on 18 September 2014 London, Scotland on the question, “Should Scotland be an independent country?”
  4. Glasnost: After many years of Communist rule, Mikhail Gorbachev the leader of the Soviet Union, suggested new ways to run the country. He wished to give more freedom of information and freedom of the press, this is known as Glasnost. Additionally, he wanted the government to organize in such a way that the people would have ease in trading their goods within the Soviet Union and other countries.

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