The Ford Model T is also known as the Tin Lizzie, Tin Lizzy, T-Model Ford, Model T or T. It is an automobile that was manufactured by Ford Motor Company on October 1 1908 to May 26 1927. This model is considered as the first economical automobile, the car that was able to be bought by middle class American families. The creation of this model is mostly known for the way it had been produced, which includes the practice of assembly line production.
Ford Model T was named the most influential car of the 20th century in the 1999 Car of the Century competition. In 2012, it was ranked eighth on the top ten lists of most sold cars of all time. In fact, automobiles had existed way before the creation of Ford Model T, but were too expensive. Henry Ford said about the Ford Model T:
“I will build a car for the great multitude. It will be large enough for the family, but small enough for the individual to run and care for. It will be constructed of the best materials, by the best men to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering can devise. But it will be so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one – and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God’s great open spaces.”
The Model T Ford was designed by Childe Harold Wills and Hungarian immigrants Joseph A. Galamb and Eugene Farkas. The model has the engine on the front 177 cubic inch, conducting 20 hp for a top speef of 40- 45 mph. The engine of the car was capable of running on gasoline, kerosene or ethanol. A part from the look of the car, the mass production method used by the company is referred in many books and theories. Ford T Model was assembled by hand, and the production was small. The Ford Piquette plant found it hard to keep up with the demand of the T Model, resulting to only 11 cars being built during the first month of production. In 1910, Henry Ford moved the company to the new Highland Park complex, after 12,000 Model Ts were built.
With the help of machinery, Ford’s cars were able to be produced faster, coming off the line in three-minute intervals, decreasing the production time by a factor of eight while using less manpower. By 1914, it took only 93 minutes to assemble one car. It was the same year Ford produced more cars than their competitors did.