CBT (cognitive-behavioral therapy) is a form of psychological treatment that has been shown to increase patient well-being in a variety of mental and physical health issues. Hundreds of randomised controlled trials have been conducted, with the effectiveness gathered into hundreds of systematic reviews.
The goal of this review is to map, synthesise, and evaluate the data collected from these systematic studies of CBT’s efficacy across all health problems, patient demographics, and settings.
Research Paper on Effectiveness of Cognitive–Behavioral Therapy
CBT is a type of talking therapy that focuses on identifying and challenging dysfunctional ideas and behaviours, as well as seeking to develop new ways of thinking and acting in order to improve patients’ psychological and physical outcomes.
CBT includes a foundational set of skills that may be applied across conditions, but it has also been tailored to specific populations, such as CBT insomnia. The vast majority of CBT is administered in accordance with CBT process standards specific to the health concern.
Roth and Pilling 3 developed a list of key competences for CBT on behalf of the Department of Health, including a differentiation between high and low-intensity CBT.
Formal CBT delivered face to face in an individual or group setting by a CBT-trained health practitioner was regarded as high intensity. Low-intensity treatments emphasise patient self-help and can be delivered by a wide range of health providers with varied degrees of CBT experience and on a number of platforms.
Randomized control trials (RCTs) have been performed to test the efficacy of CBT for a wide range of medical and mental health disorders, from schizophrenia 4 to minor back pain, and have been incorporated into systematic reviews.
We discovered some similar elements in the CBT systematic reviews, such as alleviating insomnia symptoms in people with a range of health problems. Yet, we discovered inconsistencies in the data, such as the efficacy of CBT in reducing relapse in schizophrenia.