The Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA) presents the Golden Globe Award each year in celebration of exceptional performance in motion films and television during the preceding year. The Golden Globes are second in prominence to the Academy Awards (for cinema) and the Emmy Awards (for television) in the entertainment business, and the televised awards ceremony is a similarly opulent occasion.
Golden Globes are awarded in a variety of categories for each medium. Best motion picture, best actor, and best actress are among the film awards, which are divided into drama, comedy, and musical categories. Also recognized are supporting actor performances, director, scripting, music, animation pictures, and foreign-language films.
Drama series, comedy or musical series, miniseries or movies, as well as acting performances in each genre or format, are among the television awards. Members of the HFPA cast ballots to decide a slate of candidates and, in most cases, a single winner in each category for all competitive awards. Winners of the Golden Globe are presented with a statuette that features a globe ringed by a strip of film.
The awards were first presented in 1944 by the newly created Hollywood Foreign Correspondents Association, a group of entertainment journalists located in Los Angeles who write for newspapers outside of the United States. It was renamed the HFPA in 1955, following the reincorporation of a short-lived splinter party.
The next year, the Golden Globe Awards, which had previously solely honored motion movies, included the first television awards. In the mid-1960s, the awards ceremony was broadcast on national television for the first time.